Here we pick up from last week, looking at human foods which must never be given to dogs. In addition to those we have already discussed (alcohol, garlic, chives, onions, avocado, chocolate, caffeine, grapes, sultanas, raisins, currants, macadamia nuts and artificial sweeteners), the following foods must NEVER be given to a dog:
• Cooked Bones – cooked bones break more easily than raw bones, and can splinter; these can easily cause lacerations within your dog’s digestive system.
• Fat Trimmings – may cause pancreatitis
• Salt – consumed in large amounts, salt can cause severe imbalance of electrolytes in the blood.
• Raw Potatoes, Rhubarb or Tomatoes – these all contain oxalates, which can detrimentally affect the nervous, urinary, and digestive system of a dog.
• Mushrooms – these are very dangerous to your dog, potentially causing pain, salivation, nausea, vomiting, and damage to the liver and kidneys.
• Peaches, Plums, and Persimmons – these contain a chemical that reacts with acid in the stomach and creates a mass of gluey consistency which can cause intestinal obstruction in dogs. They also contain small amounts of toxic cyanide. Additionally, the pits can obstruct the intestines if swallowed.
• Yeast Dough – if raw dough is ingested by a dog, it can expand greatly in the stomach, causing a decrease in blood supply to the stomach wall and tissue death. It can also press on the diaphragm, causing problems with breathing. Finally, multiplying yeast produces alcohol – dogs may become comatose or even die.
• Liver – good for your dog in very small amounts, larger amounts have very high levels of Vitamin A – this can adversely affect a dog’s bones and muscles.
• Apple Seeds – these contain cyanide, which can result in diarrhoea, vomiting, and pain.
• Raw Fish – high amounts of fish, particularly if raw, can cause thiamine deficiency resulting in appetite loss, seizure, and death.
• Baby Food – be wary of onion powder in baby food products (see previous post).
• Cat food – what is great for Fluffy isn’t necessarily so for Rover. They are different species and have different physiological requirements; cat food can be too high in protein and fat for dogs to digest well.
• Raw Eggs – these contain an enzyme which interferes with vitamin absorption, resulting in problems with the coat and skin. They may also pose a risk of salmonella poisoning.
The priority for any responsible and loving dog owner is the physical, mental and emotional wellbeing of their pet. Simply by being aware of the hazards, and taking steps to be responsible about what foods your dog has access to will greatly enhance his quality of life and longevity.
Next time we will list human foods which are actually great for dogs.